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Heart Surgery / Treatments

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Heart Procedures


The following procedures are often used in the evaluation and treatment of cardiovascular disease. Consult We Care heart physician by submitting your medical details for more specific information.

Cardiac procedures for abnormal heart rhythms : -


  • Catheter Ablation

    This procedure uses radio waves or freezing to silence an abnormal area in the heart's electrical system, which is usually found during an electrophysiology study.


  • Permanent Pacemaker

    A permanent pacemaker is inserted into the patient's heart and upper chest to provide a reliable heartbeat when the heart's own rhythm is too fast, too slow, or irregular. A permanent pacemaker is usually inserted while the patient is in the electrophysiology lab. Read More..


  • Internal Cardioverter Defibrillator

    A defibrillator is inserted into the patient's heart and chest to send out a small amount of electricity when needed to jolt heart rhythm back to normal.


Cardiac procedures for heart disease : -


  • Coronary Angioplasty

    With this procedure, a balloon catheter is used to dilate a narrowing in the blood vessel to increase blood flow. Although angioplasty is performed in other blood vessels, Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty (PTCA) refers to angioplasty in the coronary arteries to permit more blood flow into the heart.

    There are several types of PTCA procedures, including : -


    • balloon angioplasty - a small balloon is inflated inside the blocked artery to open the blocked area.
    • atherectomy - the blocked area inside the artery is either "shaved" away by a a high speed ablating device, or the blocking tissue is cut and extracted.
    • laser angioplasty - a laser used to "vaporize" the blockage in the artery.
    • coronary artery stent - a tiny coil is expanded inside the blocked artery to open the blocked area and is left in place to keep the artery open.


  • Coronary Artery Bypass

    A surgical procedure in which small portions of veins or arteries are taken from one part of the body and transplanted into the heart to bypass clogged coronary arteries of the heart.


  • Heart Transplant

    A surgical procedure for selected patients whose hearts are so severely damaged that medications, procedures, and surgical repair cannot help. A donated heart is transplanted into the patient to replace the damaged heart. Read More..


Cardiac procedures for valve disease : -


  • Valvuloplasty

    A procedure in which a catheter with a large balloon is used to open a heart valve that has become narrowed usually as the result of scarring. The catheter is guided through the aorta to the valve, and once in place within the leaflets, the balloon is inflated until the leaflets are loosened. The balloon is then deflated and withdrawn from the body. Read More...


  • Valve Repair

    A surgical procedure in which a damaged valve is repaired by loosening stiff valve leaflets or tightening loose valve leaflets. Read More...


  • Valve Replacement

    In this surgical procedure, a mechanical or tissue valve is transplanted into the heart to replace the damaged valve.
    Read More...


Following are common heart procedures done at We Care partner hospitals in India : -




Heart Procedures FAQ

Name of Procedure or Surgery What the Procedure Does Reason for Procedure
Angioplasty (Also known as Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty [PTCA], Percutaneous Coronary Interventions [PCI], Balloon Angioplasty and Coronary Artery Balloon Dilation) Tiny balloons are threaded through a blood vessel and into a coronary artery to widen blocked areas where blood flow to the heart has been reduced or cut off.

Often combined with implantation of a stent to help prop the artery open and decrease the chance of another blockage. Considered less invasive because the body is not cut open. Lasts from 30 minutes to several hours. Often requires an overnight hospital stay.
Greatly increases blood flow through the blocked artery. Decreases chest pain (angina). Increases ability for physical activity.

Reduces risk of a heart attack. Can also be used to open neck and brain arteries to help prevent stroke.
Laser Angioplasty Similar to angioplasty except that the catheter has a laser tip that opens the blocked artery. Pulsating beams of light vaporize the plaque buildup. Increases blood flow through blocked arteries.
Atherectomy Similar to angioplasty except that the catheter has a rotating shaver on its tip to cut away plaque from the artery. Increases blood flow through the blocked artery by removing plaque buildup.

May also be used in carotid arteries (major arteries of the neck leading to the brain) to remove plaque and reduce risk for stroke.
Stent Procedure Similar to angioplasty except that the catheter has a rotating shaver on its tip to cut away plaque from the artery. Increases blood flow through the blocked artery by removing plaque buildup.

May also be used in carotid arteries (major arteries of the neck leading to the brain) to remove plaque and reduce risk for stroke.
Stent Procedure A stent is a wire mesh tube used to prop open an artery during angioplasty. The stent stays in the artery permanently. Holds the artery open. Improves blood flow to the heart muscle. Relieves chest pain (angina).
Transmyocardial Revascularization (TMR) An incision is made on the left breast to expose the heart. Then, a laser is used to drill a series of holes from the outside of the heart into the heart's pumping chamber.

In some patients TMR is combined with bypass surgery. In those cases an incision through the breastbone is used for the bypass. Usually requires a hospital stay.
Used to relieve severe chest pain (angina) in very ill patients who aren't candidates for bypass surgery or angioplasty.
Bypass Surgery (Also known as CABG or "cabbage", Coronary Artery Bypass Graft and Open-heart Surgery) Treats blocked heart arteries by creating new passages for blood to flow to your heart muscle. It works by taking arteries or veins from other parts of your body - called grafts - and using them to reroute the blood around the clogged artery.

A patient may undergo one, two, three or more bypass grafts, depending on how many coronary arteries are blocked. Requires several days in the hospital.
One of the most common and effective procedures to manage blockage of blood to the heart muscle.
Improves the supply of blood and oxygen to the heart. Relieves chest pain (angina). Reduces risk of heart attack. Improves ability for physical activity.
Minimally Invasive Heart Surgery (Also known as Limited Access Coronary Artery Surgery and includes Port-Access Coronary Artery Bypass [PACAB or PortCAB]
and Minimally Invasive Coronary Artery Bypass Graft [MIDCAB])
An alternative to standard bypass surgery (CABG). Small incisions ("ports") are made in the chest. Chest arteries or veins from your leg are attached to the heart to "bypass" the clogged coronary artery or arteries. The instruments are passed through the ports to perform the bypasses.
The surgeon views these operations on video monitors rather than directly. In PACAB, the heart is stopped and blood is pumped through an oxygenator or "heart-lung" machine. MIDCAB is used to avoid the heart-lung machine. It's done while the heart is still beating. Requires several days in the hospital.
Preferred treatment for many types of rapid heartbeats (arrhythmias) especially supraventricular tachyarrhythmias.
Radiofrequency Ablation (Also known as Catheter Ablation) A catheter with an electrode at its tip is guided through the veins to the heart muscle with real-time, moving X-rays (fluoroscopy) displayed on a video screen.
The catheter is placed at the exact site inside the heart where cells give off the electrical signals that stimulate the abnormal heart rhythm. Then a mild, painless radiofrequency energy (similar to microwave heat) is transmitted to the pathway.
This destroys carefully selected heart muscle cells in a very small area (about 1/5 of an inch).
Preferred treatment for many types of rapid heartbeats (arrhythmias) especially supraventricular tachyarrhythmias.
Artificial Heart Valve Surgery (Also known as Heart Valve Replacement Surgery) Replaces an abnormal or diseased heart valve with a healthy one. Restores function of the heart valves.
Heart Transplant Removes a diseased heart and replaces it with a healthy human heart when a heart is irreversibly damaged. Uses hearts from organ donation. Recognized as a proven procedure to restore heart health in appropriately selected patients.
Cardiomyoplasty An experimental procedure in which skeletal muscles are taken from a patient's back or abdomen. Then they're wrapped around an ailing heart.
This added muscle, aided by ongoing stimulation from a device similar to a pacemaker, may boost the heart's pumping motion.
Increases the pumping motion of the heart.


Heart Surgery procedure indcludes : -




The list of of world class heart hospitals in India is as follows : -


Apollo Hospitals Bangalore Apollo Hospitals, Bangalore, India
Apollo Hospital Chennai Apollo Hospital, Chennai, India
Apollo Hospitals Hyderabad Apollo Hospitals, Hyderabad, India
Apollo Hospitals Delhi Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, Delhi, India
Apollo Hospitals Kolkata Apollo Gleneagles Hospital, Kolkata, India
Wockhardt Hospital Bangalore India Wockhardt Hospital, Bangalore India
Wockhardt Hospital hyderabad, India Wockhardt Hospital, hyderabad, India
Wockhardt Hospital Mumbai, India Wockhardt Hospital, Mumbai, India
Fortis Hospital, Delhi, India Fortis Hospital, Delhi, India
Fortis Hospital Mohali, India Fortis Hospital, Mohali, India
Fortis Hospital Noida, India Fortis Hospital, Noida, India
Escorts Heart Institute Hospital, Delhi, India Escorts Heart Institute Hospital, Delhi, India
Narayana Hrudayalaya Heart Hospital, Bangalore, India Narayana Hrudayalaya Heart Hospital, Bangalore, India
Artemis Hospital, Gurgaon ( Delhi ) , India Artemis Hospital, Gurgaon ( Delhi ) , India
Max Devki Devi Heart and Vascular  hospital,  Delhi, India Max Devki Devi Heart and Vascular hospital, Delhi, India
BGS Global Hospital Bangalore, India BGS Global Hospital, Bangalore, India
BGS Global Hospital Chennai, India BGS Global Hospital, Chennai, India
BGS Global Hospital Hyderabad, India BGS Global Hospital, Hyderabad, India


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