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Filling

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Home > Dentistry > Treatments Available > Filling

Dental Filling


Q. What Steps Are Involved in Filling a Tooth ?

First, the dentist will numb the area around the tooth to be worked on with a local anesthetic. Next, a drill, air abrasion instrument or laser will be used to remove the decayed area. The choice of instrument depends on the individual dentist's comfort level, training, and investment in the particular piece of equipment as well as location and extent of the decay.

Dental Filling India, Cost Dental Cavity Fillings India, Mercury Fillings

Next, your dentist will probe or test the area during the decay removal process to determine if all the decay has been removed. Once the decay has been removed, your dentist will prepare the space for the filling by cleaning the cavity of bacteria and debris. If the decay is near the root, your dentist may first put in a liner made of glass ionomer, composite resin, or other material to protect the nerve. Generally, after the filling is in, your dentist will finish and polish it.

Several additional steps are required for tooth-colored fillings and are as follows. After your dentist has removed the decay and cleaned the area, the tooth-colored material is applied in layers. Next, a special light that "cures" or hardens each layer is applied. When the multilayering process is completed, your dentist will shape the composite material to the desired result, trim off any excess material and polish the final restoration.


Dental Filling Materials

Today, you can choose from many different kinds of fillings. While each dental filling material has specific characteristics, it may be of some help to be able to compare them based on certain criteria.

1] Amalgam

Cost Dental Cavity Fillings India, Dental Cavity Fillings Delhi India, Amalgam Fillings, Enamel Fillings

Components : Copper, Zinc, Silver, Tin, and approximately 50% Mercury
Types Available : bonded and non-bonded
Uses : Back teeth
Time Needed to Get Filling : One office visit
Durability : 7+ years


Advantages : -


  • Strong, and will hold up under heavy chewing
  • tend to be cheaper


Disadvantages : -


  • will not match color of your teeth
  • requires larger amount of tooth to be removed
  • not resistant to corrosion and tarnish
  • filling may stain tooth as corrosion sets in
  • non-bonded fillings will not stick to tooth
  • possible allergic reaction


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2] Composite Resin

Dental Filling India, Cost Dental Cavity Fillings India, Dental Cavity Fillings Delhi India, Amalgams Fillings, Enamel Fillings

Components : Fine glass and plastic
Types Available : Indirect and Direct. Indirect fillings are made by a lab, and then inserted into the tooth. Direct fillings are hardened in the office with a blue light.
Uses : Front and other visible teeth. Composite is also used for inlays. Can also be used for fillings of almost any size.
Time Needed to Get Filling : Indirect fillings will require two visits. Direct fillings can be done same day.
Durability : 5+ years.


Advantages : -


  • Filling will match natural tooth colour.
  • Will bond directly to tooth, which helps tooth remain stronger.
  • Less tooth material needs to be removed than for amalgam fillings.
  • Heat cured fillings tend to be stronger
  • Can be used with other materials to improve certain features.
  • Cheaper than gold fillings


Disadvantages : -


  • More expensive than amalgam.
  • May not last as long under long term chewing pressure
  • Possible shrinkage during the filling process. This can increase risk of tooth cavities later on.
  • Because composite must be filled in layers, process can take longer.
  • May not last as long as amalgam when used for large fillings.


3] Cast Gold

Mercury Fillings, Dental Cavity Fillings Delhi India, Amalgam Fillings, Dental Care India

Components : Gold and other metals
Uses : Crown, onlays, and inlays.
Time Needed to Get Filling : At least two visits.
Durability : Usually longer than 7 years.


Advantages : -


  • non-corrosive
  • may be preferable to silver colour in amalgam fillings
  • very durable, and can take chewing force long term.


Disadvantages : -


  • Much more expensive than amalgam.
  • Electric current can be created if gold an amalgam fillings are adjacent to each other.
  • When combined with saliva, this can create a painful shock.


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4] Gold Foil

Uses : Repairing crowns, and for areas that do not absorb a great deal of chewing pressure. Can also be used for small fillings.
Durability : Over 10 years.


Advantages : -


  • Very durable


Disadvantages : -


  • More expensive than amalgam.
  • When improperly installed, can cause damage to gums and tooth pulp.
  • Few dentists now offer gold foil fillings.


5] Ceramic Fillings

Dental Filling India, Cost Dental Cavity Fillings India, Mercury Fillings

Components : porcelain
Uses : Onlays, inlays, and crowns
Durability :Over 5 years.


Advantages : -


  • Will match tooth colour
  • Will not stain
  • costs about the same as composite resin


Disadvantages : -


  • brittle when compared to composite resin.
  • filling needs to be fairly large in order to prevent breakage.


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6] Glass Ionomer

Mercury Fillings, Dental Cavity Fillings Delhi India, Tooth Cavity

Components : glass and acrylic.
Uses : Fillings in front teeth, as well as in roots and around neck of teeth. Can be used when extensive decay is present, as well as for baby teeth. Many dentists also use this filling to cement inlays.
Durability :Over five years.


Advantages : -


  • Resin and glass composite fillings tend to be stronger than traditional fillings
  • Costs about as much as composite resin.
  • May not require drilling.
  • Ideal for small children.
  • Releases fluoride, which helps reduce further tooth decay.
  • Sticks well to tooth, thus reducing leakage and future decay issues.


Disadvantages : -


  • Does not match colour of teeth as well as composite resin.
  • Weaker than composite resin
  • prone to fracture
  • Needs to be applied in thin layers.


7] Indirect Composites

Mercury Fillings, Dental Cavity Fillings Delhi India, Amalgams Fillings, Enamel Fillings

Crowns, inlays and onlays can be made in the laboratory from dental composites. These materials are similar to those used in direct fillings and are tooth colored. One advantage to indirect composites is that they do not excessively wear opposing teeth. Their strength and durability is not as high as porcelain or metal restorations and they are more prone to wear and discoloration.


The list of of Dental Hospitals and Centre in India is as follows : -


Apollo Hospitals Bangalore Apollo Hospitals, Bangalore, India
Apollo Hospital Chennai Apollo Hospital, Chennai, India
Apollo Hospitals Hyderabad Apollo Hospitals, Hyderabad, India
Apollo Hospitals Delhi Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, Delhi, India
Apollo Hospitals, Kolkata, India Apollo Hospitals, Kolkata, India
Apollo Hospital, Goa, India Apollo Hospital, Goa, India
Wockhardt Hospital Bangalore India Wockhardt Hospital, Bangalore India
Wockhardt Hospital hyderabad, India Wockhardt Hospital, hyderabad, India
Wockhardt Hospital Mumbai, India Wockhardt Hospital, Mumbai, India
Fortis Hospital, Delhi, India Fortis Hospital, Delhi, India
Fortis Hospital Mohali, India Fortis Hospital, Mohali, India
Fortis Hospital Noida, India Fortis Hospital, Noida, India
Artemis Hospital, Gurgaon ( Delhi ) , India Artemis Hospital, Gurgaon ( Delhi ) , India
Max Super Specialty hospital,  Delhi, India Max Super Specialty hospital, Delhi, India
BGS Global Hospital Bangalore, India BGS Global Hospital, Bangalore, India
BGS Global Hospital Chennai, India BGS Global Hospital, Chennai, India
BGS Global Hospital Hyderabad, India BGS Global Hospital, Hyderabad, India


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